The Importance of Evapotranspiration in Irrigation Farming

One of the more complicated concepts involved in the programming of farm irrigation systems is evapotranspiration and how it affects irrigation amounts.

It is a variable that affects irrigation system management in many ways, so must be understood to make accurate irrigation calculations.

Correctly measured, regularly monitoring evapotranspiration will improve crop yield and prevent plant loss, all while using the least amount of water necessary to do so.

What is Evapotranspiration?

Evapotranspiration or ET is a combination of two natural processes: evaporation and transpiration.

Evaporation is the process of water leaving the soil and plant surfaces to be absorbed into the air while transpiration is the process of plants losing water through their stomata into the air.

Since these are basically the same effect happening in two different ways, they are calculated as evapotranspiration or the amount of water absorbed into the atmosphere from plants and soil.

It is a key factor in many crop and soil management details such as plant growth and physiology, hydrologic cycle, microclimate and surface interactions, drainage, and all relationships between the soil, plants, water, and the atmosphere.

Why Is Calculating Evapotranspiration So Important?

When programming farm irrigation systems, every drop of water, and whether it actually reaches the plant roots, counts.

Since evapotranspiration constitutes a certain amount of water that does not reach the roots and is instead lost back to the atmosphere, this loss must be carefully estimated and then configured into the irrigation system programming.

ET can be measured using some of the more advanced irrigation system technology that track weather, soil, and atmospheric conditions.

Doing so is one of the ways that farmers today can reduce plant loss due to not enough irrigation while also reducing water wastage due to over-irrigating.

The Value of Programmable Farm Irrigation Systems

A critical part of effective crop management for getting the highest yield is making sure plants get the water they need, day in and day out, regardless of the weather.

Programming farm irrigation systems so they are used most efficiently is complex, but with the newer technology now available it is becoming easier every day.

Irrigation systems that can measure and calculate something as seemingly insignificant as evapotranspiration can make a huge difference in crop yield and farm success.

With the ability to track evaporation and transpiration by the day and estimate the need for more or less irrigation, farmers can grow more efficiently. Irrigators offering this type of technology can now be found at farm irrigation system dealers everywhere.

Irrigation is Advantageous on Many Counts

If you've ever driven or flown across the United States, then you've probably noticed large fields with sprinklers.

From the air, these fields can look like large circles or half circles.

What you've seen is farm irrigation.

What Is The Purpose of Farm Irrigation?

Farm irrigation is what farmers and others do to bring water to crops.

This type of irrigation is more common in the south central and western areas, where rainfall can be unpredictable and sporadic.

Irrigation allows farmers growing agricultural crops to provide a specific amount of water on schedule, which results in a healthy crop yield.

Irrigation Benefits

There are actually a number of benefits to farm irrigation, including landscaping, protection from frost, the prevention of soil compaction, sewage dispersal, suppression of dust and even mining.

Crops that are typically irrigated include sunflowers, soybeans, edible beans like navy and great northern beans, corn and alfalfa.

Types of Irrigation

Types of irrigation differ depending on the needs of each crop.

For example, irrigation for alfalfa may be an overhead sprinkler system on a center pivot or it may be a small canal with drain tubes that spill water over the ground.

Most people are more familiar with drip irrigation, which is where a small nozzle drips into the root region of each plant.

This type of irrigation is used typically for homeowners' watering needs, since it requires a specific dripper nozzle for each plant.

Types of Irrigation - Flood

Flood or surface irrigation is used when a stream or canal that has been dammed is opened, allowing the water to flood a given field or area.

The field is usually sloped slightly to allow the water to work its way to the bottom end so that all plants can receive moisture.

Rice fields are generally watered with flood irrigation, as well as cranberries, wild rice and sometimes alfalfa.

This type of irrigation is the oldest on record and has been employed for centuries.

One modified type of flood irrigation has become widespread in Nebraska and southern Wyoming.

Plastic PVC tubes of large dimension are placed along one edge of a crop as a continuous pipe and shallow trenches are dug between each plant row.

The PVC tubes have half-inch holes drilled every four to six inches and is attached to a water source.

The water is then allowed to drain out the holes and down the trenches between the plant rows, soaking the roots.

This type of irrigation is typically used with corn production.

Types of Irrigation - Sprinkler

Another common type of farm irrigation is known as sprinkler irrigation.

This is done with a giant overhead sprinkler head that is fed from a hose; picture a high-pressure "Rain Bird" type sprinkler, just on a colossal scale.

These sprinkler irrigation systems are used for small field applications like a baseball field, football field, cemetery and so on.

The sprinkler head, sometimes called a "gun," can be moved to any convenient spot.

This type of irrigation is considered to be older technology.

Types of Irrigation – Center Pivot

Today's farm irrigation is known more by the center pivot.

The center of the pivot is a large hub from where the water is pumped with one or two arms extending the length of the field, held up by wheeled supports that move slowly.

These wheeled hubs will travel in a circle around the hub, using drop sprinklers to provide water to growing crops just a few feet below.

If the length or size of the field prevents traveling in a full circle, the center pivot can travel a quarter circle, a half circle, or some designated degree of a circle.

Center pivots are probably the most commonly known irrigation process, and are used to water corn, sunflowers, soybeans, edible beans, alfalfa and more.

In Summary

Today's farm irrigation is much more complex and involved than simply spraying a plant with a hose.

This technology allows agricultural crops to be grown in a wide variety of areas and climates.

Looking at Agricultural Irrigation Systems

Agricultural irrigation systems are essential for farmer and ranchers wanting to grow their crops

Agricultural irrigation systems can assist farmers and ranchers by monitoring and controlling field valves, water meters, pumps, sensors, and fertilizers.

It comes with an easy to use system that can be centralized to remote management and control; however, irrigation is important to the production of crops.

Benefits of Irrigation

Irrigation is the process of applying amounts of water to land.

Several benefits of irrigation include:

  • Maintaining landscapes.
  • Growing crops.
  • Preventing soil consolidation.
  • Frost protection.

This article will discuss what are center pivot irrigation systems, how they work, and the benefits of center pivot irrigation systems.

What Are Center Pivot Irrigation Systems

A center pivot irrigation system is a type of crop irrigation.

In center pivot irrigation, equipment revolves around a pivot as crops are watered and the crops are watered with sprinklers.

The way that the equipment rotates around a pivot creates circular patterns.

Center pivot irrigation systems consist of many types of parts that include the:

  • Pivot point
  • Control panel
  • Drive unit
  • Span
  • Tower box
  • Regular drive unit.

A pivot point inside center pivot irrigation systems are the point where the pivot moves.

In a pivot point, the water goes into the pivot pipes.

The control panel in center pivot irrigation systems tells what the center pivot systems should do via commands.

The panel controls the starting, changing directions, stopping, running wet, and running dry and other commands.

The control panel can be used manually where the capabilities are basic or can be turned into digital panels.

Digital panels are panels that can be programmed.

How Do Center Pivot Irrigation Systems Work

Center pivot irrigation systems work by moving in a circular motion around a central pivot point.

The majority of center pivot irrigation systems are powered by electricity.

The pivots in center pivot irrigation systems uses between 120 and 480 volts of alternating current.

The 120 volt of current is used for operating the safety circuit, forward movements, and the reverse movements.

It also operates the movements of the Last Regular Drive Unit.

The 480 volts of current operates the power for the drive units movements.

Benefits Of Center Pivot Irrigation Systems

Center pivot irrigation systems have many benefits.

They require zero labor by humans, the systems are able to use water very efficiently, and it can also control water applications of applied water inside.

7 Easy Steps to Installing a Drip Irrigation System, drip irrigation

If you require to reduce consumption of water where you will not make the negative impact on the garden, then this can be the best idea. The reason for  drip irrigation systems actually is to save the water and the use of water efficiently so as to grow healthy plants. Essentially, drip irrigation delivers the water steadily and slowly to the plants’ base. Here are 7 easy steps of installing the drip irrigation systems



Step1: Measure the area which you are planning to irrigate. When you have planted your garden before installing drip irrigation systems, you are supposed to measure length of every row and distance from the main water faucet that can connect the main line of the irrigation.


Step 2: you are supposed to sketch the diagram of an area measured, which include all the length and rows of a main irrigation line starting from the faucet. You also have to double check the diagram against a visual layout of a garden. drip irrigation system supply


Step 3: Decide on a layout. For instance, you can run the major line against the faucet to reach other  field end that will connect the sub-lines for every row to that particular line. This layout needs you to connect every sub-line to a main with L and T connectors.


Step 4: As per measurements which you have made depending on the layout you have chosen, cut, secure and connect the irrigation lines to a ground, for number of rows and sections your diagram needs.


Step 5: Puncture the holes in irrigation lines besides the locations of the plants beside the lines. In one way or the other, you need the plants to receive specific amount of water every hour, you may be required to install the water regulator spouts at every hole.


Step 6: You have to connect the major line to a faucet or water pressure timer or regulator assembly.


Step 7: Switch on the faucet, using the timer mechanism or manually and test drip irrigation systems because of leaks. After you have done the testing, you can then to go. Installing the drip irrigation  help you receive various benefits, while which will contribute to the collective effort of conserving and preserving our most precious resources. drip irrigation system services

What Are Types of Irrigation Techniques?, irrigation

Water is the wellspring of all sustenance. It advances development and wellbeing. Without water, there is no life. The issue of preserving water is gigantic: you don't need to live in a desert to be cognizant while devouring this item. It is a worldwide subject. We use water each day for different reasons: drinking, washing, washing our garments, cleaning our autos, and whatnot. Water is particularly fundamental for your home greenery enclosure. Individuals can endure a few days without water. Plants, nonetheless, will start to shrink without dampness inside a couple of hours. irrigation system design


There is a contention between various individuals with respect to the best time to water your plants. Watering your plants and vegetation amid the night utilizes the water all the more adequately in light of the fact that it is cooler during the evening time and in this manner there is less vanishing. Nonetheless, a few people say that watering your plants during the evening makes a soaked, cool condition for germs and microscopic organisms to sprout.


There are two or three strategies you can utilize for your any sort of vegetation in your home greenhouse. The first is manual watering, either with a hose or a watering canister. Watering jars are ideal for plants in window boxes and vases, while hoses are utilized for dispersing water to bigger zones, despite the fact that the shower of the hose must be light so as to counteract harming the plants.


Besides, you can utilize a sprinkler. Sprinklers are useful for dispersing water to the whole plot, but since they aren't exact, they leave corners unwatered or they shoot, getting the walkway wet and squandering water. They likewise get water everywhere throughout the plants' leaves and blossoms, further squandering water, and harming the plants on the off chance that they aren't dried in time. irrigation pipes


The third technique is irrigation. Bubblers and dribble irrigation procedures ensure that the root system of your plant and vegetable life is using water as capably as could be allowed. In any case, it is anything but difficult to over-water with this strategy if you don't review your grass or greenery enclosure, which is inefficient and furthermore unfortunate for the vegetation.


Finally, you can utilize water gathering strategies. You do this by covering a two litre holder close to each plant with the mouth of the jug over the ground and either placing openings in the base or removing the base. Fill the covered compartment with water and enable it to saturate the dirt at an unfaltering pace. The main issue with this technique is that it requires a great deal of work in the interest of the cultivator. irrigation system services

Benefits Of Creating Irrigation Channel Gates, irrigation

Water is one of the most ideal needs of every living creature. It helps people revitalize and to refuel themselves during and after stressful tasks at home and at work. As for plants, water helps plants to create their food. With this said, water is needed to ensure that every living creature can survive for a long time. So, in case that you have a farm or a small garden, you need to be sure that you can provide sufficient water. And the ideal option is to create irrigation systems. irrigation system supply

Irrigation systems are very important. It allows individuals to water plants and even trees efficiently. Irrigation systems also help individuals make sure that tasks are much easier to be done. Moreover, by integrating some tools like irrigation channel gates, irrigations systems can provide better benefits. Listed below are some of the benefits of using irrigation channel systems.

Improve water distribution - It is essential for individuals to water every plant or tree. Thus, using channel gates is the best. These channel gates can be used to ensure that sufficient amount of water is distributed in the field or garden for the plants. Not to mention, in case that one part of the field is filled with water, the gates can be closed easily to avoid excess water that may ruin your crops or plants. Irrigation system installation

Prevent excessive use of water - There are times when water can ruin crops and plants due to over watering it. So, with the use of gates, individuals can be sure that they can prevent such issue from happening. Apart from that, by preventing excessive use of water, individuals can reduce certain expenses.

Help make soil healthy - Since water is distributed properly and excessive use of water is prevented, individuals are sure that they can help plants grow healthily. Moreover, you can also be sure that the soil is healthy as well. Keeping the soil healthy is important to get rid of issues like wind erosion and deterioration due to the application of chemicals.

Make watering tasks easier - With the use of channel gates, individuals can be sure that watering tasks is more efficient. Surely, individuals can easily close gates in areas where fields have sufficient water. Furthermore, they can increase water flow in areas that need to be watered. irrigation system repair

Drip Irrigation For Better and Bigger Plants, drip irrigation

Irrigation is a technique for watering of plants. It is precious in places where rain is deficient. Different uses of irrigation incorporate shielding plants from ice, avoiding soil solidification and controlling weed in rice fields. drip irrigation


An acclaimed technique for irrigation is drip irrigation. In the drip irrigation, water is provided to the roots of the plant. That is a compelling strategy since you can make negligible usage of the available assets. It decreases the usage of water by enabling water to drip into the roots of plants. That is done through a system of valves, funnels, and channels. If the process is actualized, amazing outcomes can be gotten.


This irrigation system works with such skill that it delivers excellent outcomes over different processes like sprinkler irrigation and surge irrigation. Since it uses little water, it enables preserve of water, which is lost by vanishing or profound waste. This technique for development can be beneficial in dry and semi-dry zones. drip irrigation system design


The principal issue in this kind of irrigation is a hindrance. Both seepage offices and channels are stopped up. In this way, to be successful, it is imperative to have enough waste and filtration process. With the disposal of dissipation or profound filtration, most extreme usage of water is accessible. drip irrigation system water pumps


Large-scale drip irrigation strategies, by and large, have a work in sort of channel to maintain a strategic distance from blockage of the stream ways of the producers by little particles that are transported by the water. Innovations are being joined to diminish the barricade. At the point when drilled in the private process, they don't convey extra channels since the drinking water is sifted in the water treatment plant. In any case, makers of drip irrigation hardware recommend that channels must be introduced to focus on guarantees except if these are kept up. Other filtration process used as a part of this strategy, the last line channels introduced before the previous supply pipe are much prescribed because of the sedimentation of fine particles. Drip irrigation is good for better and bigger plants in greenhouses. It is done in places of large water shortage and for better and bigger plants. Drip irrigation system parts

Texas Adventure – Austin Outdoors

Austin is a great city for outdoor activities and great food!
We went to Valentina’s in south Austin to get some awesome breakfast tacos and then worked out our breakfast at Brushy Creek doing some hiking and kayaking. We then went to Mount Bonnell to take in the best views in town. Had dinner at a farm to table burger joint Hopdoddy’s and then headed to Mozart’s for a night a coffee night cap.

Farm Irrigation: How to Irrigate your Vegetables

Farm irrigation can help you get more yields when for your crops; however, you need to know how and when to irrigate.

Here is some vital information to ensure successful crop irrigation.

Need For Irrigation

Crops require irrigation especially during the dry season as it adds extra water to the soil when the weather has not cooperated in dryland farming.

Irrigation allows water to seep deep into the soil and reach the roots which supplements the rain amount received during a particular planting season and allows your crops to stay in good condition.

Just be sure that any chosen irrigation systems gets water to the roots when you do irrigate, amounts can be pre-determined based on your crops.

When Should You Irrigate?

Once you have irrigated your crops, subsequent irrigation will depend on the crop type, weather, and soil.

Sand and coarse soil tends to require more water than clay, silt or loam soil.

You will also need to irrigate crops more often during warm weather because the soil tends to be drier. 

Irrigate often during windy days because the wind can make the soil drier.

Large plants will also require more water compared to smaller ones.

Which Irrigation System is Suitable?

You can use various farm irrigation systems including drip, surface, and sprinkler with each option offering both pros and cons.

Sprinkler irrigation systems provide good soil aeration and moisture and reduces crusting but it can be costly initially and may encourage diseases.

Surface systems are quite popular because they are cheaper but inconsistent with the amount of water actually delivered to the plants.

Drip systems usually use less water and are a great choice for many types of crops but do require some level of expertise to use.

Hopefully this will help you choose the best irrigation system for your crops!

Farm Irrigation Process Meant for Your Business

Farm irrigation is a process which is related to bringing sufficient amount of water to agriculture, which is an important resource where water is in not in sufficient or adequate amount from natural sources.

Lacking Natural Resources

Natural sources for irrigating nearby agricultural fields include rain water, water from a river or stream, or water from a dam and reservoir situated nearby.

But there are so many places where there is not a sufficient amount of rain occurring or the area is deficient of water even in the top soil layer.

For such places, the process of farm irrigation is an important consideration.

Seasonal Requirements

Sometimes additional water is required during a specific season when the climate is extremely hot and there is not enough water in the soil.

A particular time to use farm irrigation for crops is when they have just been planted as well as when they are budding in the field and require sufficient water to grow with accuracy.

Too Much Water

Farm irrigation regulation is just what is needed and should be part of yearly crop planning that water which is supplied does not get wasted or supplied in a large amount which is even not required by the field soil.

Excessive amounts of water also destroy the upper layer of soil by making it loose and lets it wash away at the time of heavy flows.

The Goal of Farm Irrigation - A Steady Supply of Water

An accurate amount of water supplied will not harm the top layer of the soil or plant life and is part of a strategy for doing farm irrigation when used by individuals who are working on large level farming fields.

Applying farm irrigation in the field which is equivalent to rain water is a system known as a sprinkler system that delivers water all the way through pipes typically via pump.

The amount of water is sprayed on the fields to irrigate the whole field with spray heads that breaks water into minute drops which are distributed in equal amount to the fields with the help of sprinkler heads.

A Review of Irrigation Needs

This is an incredible arrangement that works during periods of insufficient amount of rain in a farming area.

Using a farm irrigation system in your fields can be a very advantageous and beneficial way of doing irrigation with accuracy and at a low cost thanks to the many companies providing their services setting up farm irrigation systems in the fields.

Fixing a farm irrigation system in your field can be an advantageous and beneficial way of doing accurate and cost-effective irrigation!