Farm Irrigation: How to Irrigate your Vegetables

Farm irrigation can help you get more yields when for your crops; however, you need to know how and when to irrigate.

Here is some vital information to ensure successful crop irrigation.

Need For Irrigation

Crops require irrigation especially during the dry season as it adds extra water to the soil when the weather has not cooperated in dryland farming.

Irrigation allows water to seep deep into the soil and reach the roots which supplements the rain amount received during a particular planting season and allows your crops to stay in good condition.

Just be sure that any chosen irrigation systems gets water to the roots when you do irrigate, amounts can be pre-determined based on your crops.

When Should You Irrigate?

Once you have irrigated your crops, subsequent irrigation will depend on the crop type, weather, and soil.

Sand and coarse soil tends to require more water than clay, silt or loam soil.

You will also need to irrigate crops more often during warm weather because the soil tends to be drier. 

Irrigate often during windy days because the wind can make the soil drier.

Large plants will also require more water compared to smaller ones.

Which Irrigation System is Suitable?

You can use various farm irrigation systems including drip, surface, and sprinkler with each option offering both pros and cons.

Sprinkler irrigation systems provide good soil aeration and moisture and reduces crusting but it can be costly initially and may encourage diseases.

Surface systems are quite popular because they are cheaper but inconsistent with the amount of water actually delivered to the plants.

Drip systems usually use less water and are a great choice for many types of crops but do require some level of expertise to use.

Hopefully this will help you choose the best irrigation system for your crops!

Farm Irrigation Process Meant for Your Business

Farm irrigation is a process which is related to bringing sufficient amount of water to agriculture, which is an important resource where water is in not in sufficient or adequate amount from natural sources.

Lacking Natural Resources

Natural sources for irrigating nearby agricultural fields include rain water, water from a river or stream, or water from a dam and reservoir situated nearby.

But there are so many places where there is not a sufficient amount of rain occurring or the area is deficient of water even in the top soil layer.

For such places, the process of farm irrigation is an important consideration.

Seasonal Requirements

Sometimes additional water is required during a specific season when the climate is extremely hot and there is not enough water in the soil.

A particular time to use farm irrigation for crops is when they have just been planted as well as when they are budding in the field and require sufficient water to grow with accuracy.

Too Much Water

Farm irrigation regulation is just what is needed and should be part of yearly crop planning that water which is supplied does not get wasted or supplied in a large amount which is even not required by the field soil.

Excessive amounts of water also destroy the upper layer of soil by making it loose and lets it wash away at the time of heavy flows.

The Goal of Farm Irrigation - A Steady Supply of Water

An accurate amount of water supplied will not harm the top layer of the soil or plant life and is part of a strategy for doing farm irrigation when used by individuals who are working on large level farming fields.

Applying farm irrigation in the field which is equivalent to rain water is a system known as a sprinkler system that delivers water all the way through pipes typically via pump.

The amount of water is sprayed on the fields to irrigate the whole field with spray heads that breaks water into minute drops which are distributed in equal amount to the fields with the help of sprinkler heads.

A Review of Irrigation Needs

This is an incredible arrangement that works during periods of insufficient amount of rain in a farming area.

Using a farm irrigation system in your fields can be a very advantageous and beneficial way of doing irrigation with accuracy and at a low cost thanks to the many companies providing their services setting up farm irrigation systems in the fields.

Fixing a farm irrigation system in your field can be an advantageous and beneficial way of doing accurate and cost-effective irrigation!

What Exactly Do You Know About Sprinkler Irrigation?

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You are tired of depending on rain to water your crops as well as all the various other purposes on your farm or ranch and now you want to find another suitable method, perhaps farm irrigation systems.

Well, there are quite a number - it just depends on the level of your activities.

Sprinkler irrigation is one method that will suit your needs perfectly.

What Is Sprinkler Irrigation?

Sprinkler irrigation is the method of spraying water that is distributed through pipes using sprinklers that spray water onto the ground.

The sprinkler irrigation system method entails a system of pipes and a pump that provides the pressure needed to push the water out into the air.

This article will not only go into detail about sprinkler irrigation systems but offer you the essential information required.

What to Know Before Using Sprinkler Irrigation Systems

There are many factors you need to know to select the right sprinkler irrigation system for your farm.

  • Landscape - You have to understand the landscape of your farm or ranch, i.e. the slope of your ranch. This is important for proper setting of irrigation pipes on the ground. It is advisable to lay the pipes along the farm contour to minimize pressure changes and thus provide uniform irrigation.
  • Soil Type - Your farm’s soil type is important. If your farm has the type of soil that forms crusts easily, then you should reconsider the method of watering althoughsprinkler irrigation is adaptable to most soil types.
  • Sprinkler System Size - If you are using the system to water your crops especially delicate crops, you should avoid large sprinklers that produce large water droplets that could damage them.
  • Type of Water - Another important factor is the type of water you will use for this system. Clean water should be used to avoid blocking the sprinkler nozzles.

What Are The Parts of A Sprinkler Irrigation System?

Your sprinkler irrigation system is composed of the:

  • Pump system.
  • Pipe system (main line and the laterals).
  • Sprinklers.

The pump system will pump water from your storage tank located on your farm or ranch to the receiving pipes, the main line.

Finally the laterals will direct water from the main lines to the sprinklers.

Putting It All Together

Finally, irrigation systems entail a lot, requiring basic knowledge of setting it up, the uses, the wetting patterns, application rates, the sprinkler drop sizes, and probably the types of sprinklers.

If you need help determining which ag irrigation is right for your needs, your local farm irrigation system services are available to help you make the right choices!